Respiratory system and lung structure teaching resources

Worksheets and lesson ideas to challenge students aged 11 to 16 to think hard about lungs and the respiratory system (GCSE and Key Stage 3)

Relating structure to function is an important area of biology. Take time to review the meaning of the term structure and function – and not through definitions! Use common examples to help students understand e.g. describe the structure of a house. How does each structure relate to its function? i.e. windows, doors and walls? The video below shows a simple, and effective way to measure lung function. This would serve as a great introduction to the respiratory system. 

Structure and function of the human lung

GCSE worksheet on the structure and function of the human lung. This DART – directed activities related to texts (DARTs) encourages student interaction with a text describing lung function and structure. Students use a labelled diagram of a lung to complete some text, and then use the text to annotate the lung diagram. This resource was contributed by Jill White. Click here for more information on DARTs. (PDF)


Click here for teaching resources on respiration

  1. Digestive system
  2. Heart and the circulatory system
  3. Nerves and hormones
  4. Respiratory system and lung structure
  5. Reproduction in humans